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Krishi Sinchayee Yojana: Reviving India's Lifeline - Water for a Thriving Agriculture





Launched in 2015, the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) embarked on a critical mission in India: water security for agriculture. Recognizing the challenges of water scarcity, dwindling groundwater levels, and inadequate irrigation infrastructure, PMKSY aimed to revitalize and expand irrigation potential, ensuring sustainable water management for a flourishing agricultural sector. This article delves into the intricate details of PMKSY, examining its objectives, key features, implementation, impact, and ongoing challenges.

Understanding the Problem: A Land Parched for Progress

In 2015, India's agricultural sector grappled with water woes:

  • Water Scarcity: Uneven distribution of rainfall, climate change impacts, and overexploitation of resources threatened water availability for agriculture.

  • Inadequate Irrigation: Limited irrigation infrastructure, inefficient water use practices, and high dependence on groundwater posed significant challenges.

  • Declining Productivity: Water scarcity and inefficient irrigation hampered agricultural productivity, impacting livelihoods and food security.

Krishi Sinchayee Yojana: A Multi-Pronged Approach

PMKSY aimed to:

  • Expand Irrigation Coverage: Increase irrigated area through interventions like canal modernization, minor irrigation development, and water harvesting structures.

  • Promote Water Use Efficiency: Encourage drip and sprinkler irrigation, micro-irrigation technologies, and farm-level water management practices.

  • Improve Institutional Framework: Strengthen capacity building of institutions, enhance water data management, and promote participatory irrigation management.

  • Focus on Sustainability: Advocate for sustainable water resource management, recharge groundwater aquifers, and promote conjunctive use of surface and groundwater.

Key Pillars of the Scheme: Building a Water-Secure Future

  • Five Verticals: PMKSY operates through five verticals focusing on surface water, minor irrigation, watershed development, command area development, and groundwater.

  • Central-State Collaboration: Effective collaboration between the central government, state governments, and implementing agencies is crucial for successful implementation at the state and district levels.

  • Community Engagement: Engaging farmers, water user associations, and local communities in planning, implementation, and operation and maintenance of irrigation systems is key to sustainability.

  • Technology Integration: Leveraging technologies like remote sensing, GIS, and digital platforms for data collection, monitoring, and decision-making is crucial for efficient water management.

Implementation and Impact: Milestones and Challenges

PMKSY has achieved noteworthy progress on multiple fronts:

  • Increased Irrigation Potential: Additional areas brought under irrigation, exceeding initial targets in some regions.

  • Water Use Efficiency Initiatives: Adoption of micro-irrigation technologies like drip and sprinkler irrigation has shown promising results in water conservation.

  • Institutional Strengthening: Capacity building programs and improved data management systems have enhanced institutional capabilities.

  • Community Participation: Engaging farmers in water user associations and promoting participatory irrigation management practices have led to more effective water use.

Benefits of Krishi Sinchayee Yojana:

  • Increased crop productivity: By providing access to irrigation facilities, KSY helps farmers to increase their crop productivity. This can lead to higher incomes and improved food security for farmers.

  • Reduced water scarcity: KSY helps to reduce water scarcity by promoting efficient water use practices. This can help to conserve water resources and ensure that there is enough water available for all users.

  • Improved soil health: KSY helps to improve soil health by promoting the use of organic fertilizers and other sustainable farming practices. This can lead to increased crop yields and improved soil quality.

  • Increased employment opportunities: KSY helps to create employment opportunities in rural areas by providing financial assistance for the construction of irrigation facilities. This can help to reduce poverty and improve the standard of living in rural areas.

Eligibility for Krishi Sinchayee Yojana:

  • To be eligible for KSY, farmers must own land that is less than 2 hectares in size.

  • Farmers must also be members of a self-help group (SHG) or a farmer's producer organization (FPO).

  • Farmers must contribute 25% of the cost of the irrigation project.

However, challenges remain:

  • Uneven Progress: Implementation across states and sectors has been uneven, with some regions lagging behind in achieving targets and utilizing allocated funds effectively.

  • Financial Sustainability: Ensuring long-term funding for infrastructure maintenance, operation & maintenance, and technology adoption requires innovative solutions.

  • Tailored Solutions: Addressing regional and crop-specific water challenges needs localized approaches and flexible interventions.

  • Sustainability Concerns: Overcoming challenges like overexploitation of groundwater and promoting conjunctive use of water resources remain ongoing efforts.

The Road Ahead: Navigating Towards Water Security

Undoubtedly, PMKSY has taken significant strides towards ensuring water security for India's agriculture. However, addressing uneven progress, securing long-term funding, implementing context-specific solutions, and promoting sustainable water management practices are crucial for long-term success. By overcoming these challenges and fostering a collaborative, technology-driven approach, PMKSY can truly play a transformative role in securing a water-secure future for India's agriculture, contributing significantly to food security, farmer well-being, and overall economic development.

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana, its objectives, implementation, and impact. This overview provides a comprehensive understanding of the scheme and its significance in India's water security and agricultural development landscape.

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